Shunt Surgery

A Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) Shunt is a hollow tube that is surgically placed in the brain or spine to drain excessive cerebrospinal fluid and reroute it to another part of the body where it can easily be reabsorbed. Shunt procedures can relieve brain pressure caused by hydrocephalus or excessive cerebrospinal fluid and relieve symptoms such as difficulty in walking, lack of bladder control and faint symptoms of dementia.

If a lumbar puncture proves that these problems have improved, it could mean that placing a shunt would provide long-lasting benefits to the patient.

Hydrocephalus occurs when excessive cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) accumulates in the ventricles of the brain. The CSF fluid is very important to us as it performs vital functions such as protecting the brain from injury in the skull, acting as a conduit for the nutrients the brain needs and removing all waste substances. Usually, CSF passes through these ventricles to the bottom of the brain where the brain and spinal cord are completely covered with this fluid before it can be reabsorbed into the blood.

When is Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt the best solution?

Hydrocephalus can afflict people of any age, necessitating a VP shunt. However, it is more common among babies rather than adults. Excessive CSF can accumulate around the brain for these reasons:

  • Overproduction of CSF
  • Low CSF absorption by blood vessels
  • Blockages prevent CSF from flowing normally all over the brain

Blockages, cysts, inflammation and tumours usually hamper the normal flow of CSF in the brain and cause a lot of fluid accumulation.

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Bathinda Neurospine & Trauma Centre was established in the year 2012 under the aegis of Dr. Ronyl Kaushal with a missionary zeal of patient care and vision of providing world class integrated healthcare services in Bathinda.

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